This part of the text is not directly related to scientific research, but it is from it that the work begins. The main task facing the applicant when writing an introduction to the dissertation – a convincing statement of facts that confirm the relevance of the research question or problem.
To confirm the theoretical significance of the question, based on literary sources and works of authoritative scientists. At registration of conducting it is necessary to show that the problem was already studied, but was not considered deeply enough, or methods of its decision at this time became outdated.
Briefly voice the methods of research or experiment, confirming the deep knowledge of the discipline.
Indicate the obtained research results and methods of their practical application. The relevance of the researched topic is proved by the act on introduction of the offered technologies by the third party.
It is necessary to understand what is the difference between the entry of master’s, candidate’s and doctoral. Graduating from the master’s degree, the graduate in the diploma project proves his professional suitability and theoretical level of knowledge. Dissertation writing helpinvolves more in-depth research.
The introduction to the work of the future candidate of sciences should not only have a larger volume, but also demonstrate knowledge of the subject area, the ability to find new approaches to solving scientific problems, to prove the need for this discovery or new methodology.
The structure of the dissertation introduction
The total volume of this section is about 10 percent of the entire text, i.e. 10-15 pages or 3,500-4,000 words. The recommended structure includes the following sections:
The main task / purpose of the study. Example: “Development of recommendations for the use of business mortgages as a form of investing finance in commercial real estate.”
- Object and subject of research.
Research methods used by the author in the introduction to the work, example: “Study of territorial and regional needs in mortgage lending, forecasting and scientifically sound assessment of prospects for business mortgage.”
- Scientific novelty of the research.
Example: “A number of works are devoted to the study of the problem, in which the main attention was paid to the residential mortgage. The legally acceptable form of business mortgage has not been studied. ”
The main results must be mentioned at the beginning of the master’s and candidate’s dissertation.
When writing this section you need to take into account – the final version is edited last, because during the work in the content are made multiple adjustments.
How to make an introduction: useful tips
Those who do not know how to approach the writing of a course, diploma, dissertation, can be recommended to view ready-made works on certain topics, published on the Internet. They meet the requirements set by the certification council. The recommended document structure, font, indents, and spacing, as well as volume, must be followed.
The introduction of the master’s dissertation is one of the main parts of the final qualifying work, which briefly describes the essence of the document, its goals / objectives, as well as the results of experiments.
In order for the master’s thesis to be admitted for consideration by the members of the State Attestation Commission, the author strictly adheres to the recommendations on the structure of the introduction. All elements of this part of the document are presented in a logical, consistent form and are interconnected.
What is the introduction to the master’s thesis:
- relevance of this problem (topic);
- novelty of work;
- scientific significance of research;
- description of the object / subject;
- target identification for further experiments;
- statement of the main tasks;
- selection, definition of the basic theoretical base;
- methodology of work.
The task of the undergraduate in this part of the introduction is to provide substantiated evidence of the demand for the chosen topic in a particular scientific field. It is allowed to quote famous scientists who deal with problems related to the subject of research, the results of symposia, seminars, etc.
The author of the final qualification work emphasizes an in-depth, individual approach to solving a problem / controversial issue. The standard approach to the topic of the dissertation will not cause approval among the participants of the SEC.
This section of the introduction directly depends on the formulation of the scientific novelty of the master’s degree. The graduate presents to the commission the obtained results of experiments and offers to make a number of adjustments / changes in the subject of research on visual examples.
Object / subject of research
The graduate student presents clear distinctions of characteristics to the object / subject of research. A scientific object is a general description of a problem process. The subject is one of the areas / boundaries of the dissertation research. The main purpose of the author is to identify the main reasons for considering the selected object / subject of study.
In this part of the introduction, the author describes the desired end result to be achieved after the work is done.
Objectives of the study
The description of the variants necessary for achievement of the chosen purpose is specified. Based on the selected tasks, the undergraduate draws final conclusions. The recommended number of tasks for writing the final qualifying work is 3-7.
This section of the introduction contains a brief overview of the scientific literature used related to the object of study. The author indicates in the text quotes from famous scientists in the chosen field, gives a brief description of their work and systematizes their achievements in the degree of significance for the topic of his dissertation.
The description of methods of research of a subject / object of research used in the course of work is given. The list of methods depends on the scientific field. The most common methods are the synthesis and analysis of the received information, classification, concretization, modeling, concretization.
In some cases, the introduction contains an additional part that describes in detail the structure of the work (the number of sections, paragraphs with a summary of each). The availability of this section depends on the content of the master’s thesis and the requirements of the Free Economic Zone.
How to properly prepare for writing an introduction
The approximate volume of admission to the master’s dissertation is 10% of the total volume of work (10-15 pages of standard A4 format).
- Mark the tasks of the dissertation
The tasks described in the introduction correspond to the general conclusions in the dissertation – it is an indicator of good workmanship.
- Prepare a list of scientists to whom you will refer
When referring to other scientists who have studied the problem, it is necessary to highlight the list of issues that remain unresolved. This approach emphasizes the scientific novelty and relevance of the work performed.
- Mark the list of methods used in the dissertation
The names of the methods used must comply with generally accepted standards. List only the basic methods.
- It is correct to determine the scientific areas where the obtained research results can be applied
In the section “Scientific significance”, the author lists a number of specific scientific areas where you can apply the results of research – this is positively perceived by the commission and considered as a good in-depth dissertation, the availability of appropriate training.
- Write a work exclusively in a scientific style, but in simple language
The introduction is made in a scientific style, but in simple language. It is forbidden to use ambiguous wording, the presence of information not related to the main topic of the dissertation.
- Write an introduction only after writing the main part of the work
This part of the work, as well as the conclusion, is made after writing the main part of the document. This approach will help avoid numerous edits.