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Blood Cancer – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Its Types

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best cancer hospital in Delhi

Blood Cancer starts in the bone marrow where blood is produced, also known as Hematologic Cancer. It mainly occurs when abnormal blood cells start growing and interrupting the functioning of the normal blood cells, which fight off infection and produce new blood cells. It is advised to pick the best cancer hospital in Delhi in order to get excellent treatment facilities.

Symptoms of Blood Cancer

Each type of blood cancer is different; however, they share some common symptoms. It is surprising to know that symptoms associated with blood cancer are quite normal and thus left unnoticed. Some people may not have any symptom until the disease is advanced. They come on very slow and thus hard to notice at a glance. Some of the common symptoms of blood cancer are:

  • Fever
  • Persistent fatigue and weakness
  • Night Sweats
  • Joint Pain
  • Headaches
  • Frequent Infections
  • Itchy skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck and underarms
  • Unexplained weight loss

Diagnosis of Blood Cancer

Blood cancer can be diagnosed by certain blood tests and other laboratory tests such as the biopsy of suspicious area and analysis of urine. With the exception of blood cancer, these blood tests generally can’t tell about any cancer or non-cancerous situation; however, they give clues to your doctor about what’s going on inside your body. Diagnosis is important to begin blood cancer treatment.

Test and Procedure involved in blood cancer diagnosis are:

  • Blood tests
  • Diagnosis Imaging Test – CT Scan, PET Scan, and X-Ray
  • Surgical Lymph node removal for examination
  • Physical exam
  • Bone marrow exam

Each type of blood cancer has its own staging criteria. The main objective of these tests and biopsies is to find if there are any abnormal cells. Doctors basically take the sample per the test and check if the person has blood cancer or not. It is preferred to choose the best cancer hospital in Delhi and get these tests done with ease.

Treatment of Blood Cancer

The treatment doctors recommend will depend on the type of blood cancer a person is suffering from. Some slow-growing blood cancer can be easily managed by taking daily medication, while people with faster growing acute blood cancer may need intensive treatments.

Blood Cancer Treatment Options Depend on:

  • The type and stage of cancer
  • Person’s basic health
  • The spread of disease

There are three types of Blood Cancer:

  • Bone Marrow/ Stem Cells Transplantation

It is a procedure in which the patient’s blood-forming stem cells are replaced with normal blood-forming stem cells collected from a donor’s blood.

  • Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy, also known as biotherapy, works with your immune system to combat cancer.

  • Chemotherapy

It is medical oncology that involves the periodic administration of anti-cancer drugs. Doctors use chemotherapy for both, treating cancer as well as relieve cancer symptoms.

It is important to opt for blood cancer treatment on time and enhance the success rate.