Pharmacology is the science of discovery, production and testing of drugs. The field combines knowledge of medicinal sciences and chemistry to synthesize drugs targeting a specific ailment effectively. The complex nature of the area requires knowledge of not only drugs but also the mechanism of action, side effects and toxicity.
The scope of pharmacy stretches much beyond the synthesis and production of drugs but also includes other roles such as compounding and dispensing of medications, healthcare services and conducting clinical tests. Thus, pharmacists are well versed in drug therapy and know how to advocate for the benefit patients.
Recent advancements in medicinal sciences and biotechnology have enabled pharmacology to expand its role in the healthcare industry, which has undoubtedly helped in the creation of jobs that were not existent before. The healthcare sector as a whole is highly dependent upon the pharmacological industry in several domains such as procurement of raw materials, manufacturing of medicines along with testing and certifying new drugs that come to the market. Some of the top recruiters for students from this field include
- Eris pharmaceuticals
- Sun Pharma
Anyone interested in pursuing pharmacological sciences must obtain a degree in Bachelor of Pharmacy, also known as B pharma. The course is a pre-requisite for obtaining a license to practice as a pharmacist and can also act as a pathway to earning a degree in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) or Master of Pharmacy (MPharm). A B pharma program lasts for four years with both annual and semester schemes available and includes subjects such as
- Human Anatomy and Physiology
- Pharmaceutical Maths & Biostatistics
- Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
- Pharmaceutical Chemistry
The subjects mentioned above delve into various aspects of pharmacology, ensuring that students are quite knowledgeable in the field by the time they graduate. The foundation for these core subjects is built in the preliminary semesters, which introduce students to the basics of medicinal sciences and biology before advancing to other topics.
To be eligible to apply for a B pharma program, students must take up the following subjects in their 10+2 examination and with an aggregate score of at least 50%
- biology or biotechnology
While entrance to most B pharma college is a reasonably direct process, a few colleges require students to give a mandatory entrance examination. The entrance examination can be a state standard entrance test such as GPAT – Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test, Goa Common Entrance Test, Maharashtra Common Entrance Test or be the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). An alternate pathway to enter a B pharma college is to obtain a D. Pharm (Diploma of Pharmacy) and gain direct admission to the second year of a traditional B Pharma program.
In the past couple of years, a lot of students have been applying to B pharma colleges in Bhopal, due to the excellent infrastructure and good placement opportunities. Some of the top colleges in the city are
- People’s University
- Bansal College of Pharmacy
- Bhabha University
- Sagar Institute of Research and Technology
- Technocrats Institute of Technology
- VNS Group of Institutions